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About Poland

Country Name:

Polska / Poland

Nationality Noun:



over 300 000 km²


770km (almost 500miles)



Capital City:

(population about 2 000 000)

Government type:


Time Zone:


Historical Background

Poland’s history as a state begins near the mid-dle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th centu-ry, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in central and eastern Eu-rope. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agree-ments between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among them-selves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satel-lite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. La-bor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union “Solidarity” that over
time became a political force with over ten mil-lion members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A “shock therapy” programme during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the Eu-ropean Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country large-ly completed and with large investments in de-fense, energy, and other infrastructure, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlan-tic organizations.

Polish Economy

You think Poland is a rural, undeveloped coun-try? Well, just look at the chart on the right. Poland has pursued a policy of economic lib-eralization since 1990 and Poland’s economy was the only one in the EU to avoid a reces-sion through the 2008-09 economic downturn. Although EU membership and access to EU structural funds have provided a major boost to the economy since 2004. While the Polish economy has performed well over the past five years, growth slowed in 2012 and 2013, in part due to the ongoing economic difficulties in the euro zone. However, Polish economy still goes strong!

Visit Republic of Poland webpage to get more information about us: http://www.polska.pl/en/